The B.R Hill Sanctuary
is also known as the Biligirirangaswamy Temple Hill
Sanctuary (B.R. Hills). It is situated in the B.R. Hill
range of Chamrajanagar district in Karnataka, bordering the state of
Tamil Nadu. The sanctuary was created around the Biligirirangaswamy
temple region in 1974, and covered an area of 322 sq km (square
kilometers). It was enlarged to 539.52 sq km in 1987.
The sanctuary is at the confluence of
the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. It is thus home to ecosystems
that are unique to both mountain ranges. To the south, the hills are
contiguous with the Satyamangalam range in the Erode District of Tamil
The B.R hills also link the Eastern
Ghats and the Western Ghats, allowing animals to move between them.
This linking facilitates gene flow between the populations of species
in these areas. Thus, the sanctuary serves as an important biological
bridge for the ecosystem of the entire Deccan plateau.
Tourists coming to the park should
note that the nearest airport and the nearest railway station are both
at Mysore, which is 85 km away. Another major city - Bangalore, is at a
distance of 180 km from the park